Scarborough is the area that forms the eastern part of the City of Toronto . It was a separate city for over 200 years, but has been part of the 'East District' of Toronto since 1997. Scarborough is a dynamic area of many facets. Residential and recreational land with extensive parks and woodlands, co-exist harmoniously with retail, manufacturing, and government land uses, in a very pleasant working relationship which provides a growing, energetic economy, community and a satisfying place to live
In 2001, Scarborough's population was 593,297. A study based on census data between 1996 and 2001 shows that Scarborough's growth rate was more than 6%, the highest growth in Toronto. Its population is second to North York, but if this trend continues it should be the most populated district in Toronto by 2010.
The area was named after Scarborough, North Yorkshire, England by Elizabeth Simcoe, the wife of John Graves Simcoe, the first lieutenant governor of Upper Canada. The bluffs along Scarborough's Lake Ontario shores reminded her of the limestone cliffs in Scarborough, England.
A significant portion of Scarborough's population is composed of immigrants who have arrived in the last four decades. Fifty-four percent of residents are foreign born. Chinese residents make up 17.73% of the population, South Asian Residents account for 17.76% of the population, Black Canadian residents make up 10.09% of the population, while Filipino Canadian residents account for 5%. The remaining visible minority groups each represent less than 2% of the population. The immigrant population has created vibrant multicultural locales in various areas of Scarborough. One of the more notable among these is the heavy concentration of Chinese businesses and restaurants in the Agincourt neighbourhood.
Scarborough boasts numerous elementary, secondary and post secondary schools. Secondary schools in the region include Agincourt Collegiate Institute, Woburn Collegiate Institute, Mary Ward Catholic Secondary School, Jean Vanier Catholic Secondary School, Francis Libermann Catholic High School and the David and Mary Thomson Collegiate Institute. Scarboroughs post-secondary schools include Centennial College and the University of Toronto at Scarborough.